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Tibetan Offering furniture ~ Chösum Stand C603

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This early-20th century yak butter lamp stand is still in style in Tibet. This style evolved over the centuries, with the widening to two doors happening at the end of the 19th century. The kyungbur is excellent and the doors boldly call the practitioner to meditate. The drawers are above the doors and have seemingly opposing ideas, which makes this cabinet fun. The rainbows on the right say that nothing is solid; while the left drawer with the swastika symbolize the element earth, which one would perceive rather solid. The swastika in Tibetan represents the stability of the element earth and actually dates back to 2500 BC and was first identified with Vishnu and probably is derived from the sun symbol denoting the perceived clockwise motion of the sun. The doors are visually pleasing and for me speak of joy. The sides are completely done in kyungbur, here again a sense of joy prevails with the lotus throne bursting forth to hold the Dharma Wheel. Please see iconography for more details. The Chösum stand is painted on both sides and the front, the top and back are not painted. This Chösum stand comes with background information, iconography and a Certificate of Authenticity signed by one of the monks. Please note that the right front door and the left side are split.

Materials:  Asian cedar & spruce
Dimensions:  H 31.5" W=29.62" D=15.87" measurements are approximate.
Age circa: 1935

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Item #C603:  Price $1145.00, plus shipping & handling
West Coast $226~ Mtn. States $237~ Mid West $248~Atlantic coast $269
Canadian destinations contact us  for a quote. 

 

Iconography

The front doors have magnificent white conch horns standing on a beautiful lotus throne , the sky is adorned with Cintamani, the General's Insignia and mare's tail cumulus clouds. The lotus flower  is a natural symbol and represents earth.  Tibetan Buddhist mystics imagined the earth floating like a lotus flower on the oceans of the universe. The heart of the flower is the cosmic mountain, the axis of the universe. The generally acknowledged meaning of the lotus flower is purity of mind or divine creation. From the muck of a pond, where the roots of the lotus reside, an immaculate white flower emerges to rest on the surface of the water as a metaphor for the harmonious unfolding of spirituality. The right spiraling (echoing the celestial movement of the sun, moon and stars) conch shell is one of the oldest icons in Buddhism.  It is made by nature and not man. A conch horn sounds in all directions, as do the teachings of the Buddha. Consequently, the conch is seen as a vehicle fearlessly proclaiming the truth of the dharma in all directions. It is also seen as an emblem of power and authority and is thought to banish evil. The white conch shell was presented to Sakyamuni by the great sky god Indra. Cintamani are wish-granting jewels and additionally represent wisdom.  Cintamani are also referred to as the “Thinking Jewel” and symbolize the importance of teaching and as well as the enlightened mind. The General is among the 7 possessions of the Chakravartin, or Wheel Turner. The term in Hinduism refers to an ideal ruler, but in Buddhism, Chakravartin has come to mean a Buddha whose all-encompassing teachings are universally true.  Chakravartin has an army of 4 divisions, infantry, cavalry, elephants, and chariots. Chakravartin is the lineage of 25 Kulika kings or enlightened monarchs, the 25th of which will finally defeat the "non-believers." General's insignia (Sanskrit senapatiratna) represents the General, but is much easier to paint. The General is ready both to wage war and defend the kingdom, having attained mastery of the 64 strategic arts of war. He fights for truth and justice, does no unvirtuous acts, he causes no harm to other beings.

The left drawer has the swastika symbols that are continuously interlinked. The swastika in Tibetan represents the stability of the element earth and actually dates back to 2500 BC and was first identified with Vishnu and probably is derived from the sun symbol denoting the clockwise motion of the sun. In this case with the interlinking, it ties in to the infinite knot, noting that everything is interconnected and that any thing that we do has a far reaching or infinite effect. The word swastika originates from the Sanskrit word svastika and the root meaning is well being, good fortune, success or prosperity. The right drawer has rainbows covering the mountian valleys; the rainbow is eternity’s expression of momentary delight. This is Auspicious and takes on a supernatural meaning: the demise of a great teacher and his rebirth.  Rainbows materialize and dissolve into nothingness, and in Tibetan tradition, it is the “Body of Light” or the “Rainbow Body”  and refers to a great master who has attained Mahamudra and no longer perceives the world as a conceptual concrete dimension; rather, he now permeates space as mist, also known as the ultimate form of reality. The self is now permeating space with luminescence transparency, with nothing solid or any sharp lines of separation. This then presents an interesting contrast to the swastika on the left drawer.

The side main panel has a grand lotus throne holding up the Dharma wheel. The lotus is flanked by rock cliffs lining the way in. above and behind the dharma wheel is durva grass leading to Mahamudra mists. In three parts, the Dharma wheel exists as a hub, the center of the world.  The 8 spokes, denoting the 8 paths to enlightenment. These 8 steps work together, not separately.  1. right understanding . 2. right attitude  3. right speech  4. right action  5. right work    6. right effort  7. right mindfulness  8. right meditation  The rim represents the attribute of limitation.  All are contained within a circle, which is perceived to be perfect and complete, like the teachings of the Buddha. The rock/cliff formation represents the syllable "E" which appears in the opening stanza of early Buddhist scriptures, ("'thus,' I have heard"). The blue and green cliffs represent the unmoving nature of the mind when enlightenment has been attained. The tops of these cliffs have Kusha grass growing out of them. Kusha grass grows to a height of two feet and is used to purify defilements.  Those wishing purification sleep in a field or patch of kusha grass for ritual purification.  Placed under a pillow at night before initiation, Kusha grass is believed to produce clear dreams; it is also used to enhance the clarity of visualization and meditation.  Kusha is the grass of choice for the manufacture of sacred meditation mats. Durva grass is a symbol of long life.  Because grass is highly resilient, it is believed to be immortal.  Therefore, it proclaims the end of samsara, the successive death and rebirth of all beings  It usually takes a long time to overcome samsara, and a longer lifespan will allow greater progress in moving towards enlightenment within a given cycle. The billowing clouds or mist are Mahamudra: the union of compassion and wisdom -- the ultimate realization of one’s true nature.  They are represented as the transformation of our vices into the 4 powers of regret, vow, reliance, and remedy, so the practitioner will realize purification and enlightenment.  This is also the basic meaning of the "Heart Sutra."

ABOUT Chösum:

The Tibetan name is Chösum for the cabinet presented on this page. They were used as a butter lamp stand and as a butter sculpture stand for offerings and ritual purposes. It also housed the toma, a small sculpture used as an offering, made of tsampa. Tsampa is a staple of the Tibetan diet, composed of barley powder and yak butter. Usually once each year the High Lama will come to the practitioners house with the toma stick (see below), a long 4 sided mold for making different offerings, and make specific offerings for the family. Using the tsampa dough the High Lama would press the required amount into the carved molds on the toma stick for  each specific request or need.  These then will be kept for the entire year in the cabinet, taken out periodically and placed on the top of the cabinet and a little melted butter will be added for a new offering.   Ornate Chösum stands like this one   would only be found in a labrang (lama’s home).

Tibetan buddhist toma stick use for making offering on Tibetan furniture
The Toma stick has carved molds on all 4 sides, these carvings are the Auspicious symbols, the 12 zodiac symbols, peaceful and wrathful deities and other iconic representations and offerings. The Toma stick pictured here is more than 300 years old, over 27" in length and is  a very large one; usually they are about 1/3 to 1/4 this size.  It developed a small check or crack that cuts through the Dharma wheel, Parasol and the Victory Banner rendering it unsuitable formaking those molds.

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